Phonics

At Cudham we use the scheme Letters and Sounds to teach Daily Synthetic Phonics. Parent workshops, information sessions and class newsletters provide extra information on how we teach phonics.

Early Years Foundation Stage

From the beginning of the Early Years Foundation Stage, Phonics is taught in a fun, approachable way so all children can access it.

If children have attended a nursery or pre-school before coming to Cudham, they should have experienced ‘Phase One’ of Letters and Sounds which concentrates on building a discriminatory ear and encourages children to tune into the sounds around them. Rhythm, rhyme and alliteration are all integrated into the planning throughout the year, using the EYFS statutory curriculum to integrate this in all areas.

As children enter our Reception class, the children will begin by recapping on Phase 1, then working into Phase 2. The children progress through to the end of phase 3, and into the consolidation Phase 4 by the summer term which continues into Year 1. The actions used to accompany each phoneme match with the Jolly Phonics scheme.

Key Stage One

As children enter Year 1, they will generally be on Phase 4 and then progress on to Phase 5 and revise all previous phases. They then use their phonics knowledge further to assist them with spelling and a higher level of reading. The emphasis on phase five is on spelling patterns and spelling families which aid children’s learning of these trickier phonemes.

Towards the end of Year 1, the children will take a phonics screening check and results of which will be reported home. Most children in Year 2 will begin on Phase 6, with strong emphasis on revision of previous phases, and children will use their phonics knowledge to assist their writing skills and aid their spelling.

Some children will need to re-sit the phonics screening check in Year 2 if they did not reach the required standard at the end of Year 1. Children learn weekly tricky words and are encouraged daily to read and spell their high frequency words.

Key Stage Two

Although no direct phonics sessions are taught, it is built into daily literacy lesson and spellings. Spelling patterns and families are used in order to encourage correct spelling. Skills in phonics help children to segment and blend words when spelling, and to help when reading more complex words. Children who enter KS2 and who have not met the required phonic standard will receive extra support to help them progress and catch up.

If you would like to find out more information about the current National Curriculum, you can access the full curriculum at GOV.UK. by clicking the button below

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